merojob | Career Guide

Top IT career landscape you need to know in 2022

Category: Career Development | Date: | Total Views: 1877


Information Technology (IT) has become more than just the use of computers for creating and storing information. IT has impacted the way we live, work and do business, so it should come as no surprise that IT is among the fastest-growing sectors in Nepal, and will continue to grow for years.


Technology plays a role in almost all other sectors, such as healthcare, manufacturing, transportation, education, and energy. Hence, it has been dominating the job market. In Nepal, tech sectors have a huge contribution to fueling the economy’s growth. 


The increased growth in eCommerce and the Internet has rapidly increased demand for the tech job market. This is great news for IT professionals and those who are beginning their careers in IT. However, the IT job market continues to get competitive which is why it has become essential to identify your tech career objective and learn skills related to it.


The first step is to understand the existing IT career landscape. Some of the most sought after IT fields based on job outlook and growth potential are as follows:



Developers/Programmers Jobs


The title’s developer and programmer are time and again used interchangeably. They are professional coders who are well experienced with more than two or three languages and can write clean and efficient codes. 


Software Developer

Web Developer

Front-End Developer

Back-End Developer

Full-Stack Developer

Mobile Application Developer


Qualifications: Bachelor’s or graduate degree in a related information technology field such as programming or computer science will be required to work as a Developers/Programmer. Some popular languages used by Developers/Programmers are:


Java

Python

C++

Swift

Php

Dart

R

JavaScript

Flutter

React Native


Description: Developers/Programmers interpret specifications, technical designs, and flow charts, build, maintain and modify the code for software applications, construct technical specifications from a business functional model, and test and write technical documentation.



Networking Jobs


As a result of resource sharing in some kind of computer network in organizations, networking has become one of the fastest-growing occupations in the info-tech field. Networking experts work in a variety of jobs like:


Network Security Engineer

Data Center Networking Specialist

Telecommunications Specialist

System Network Administrator

Wireless Network Engineer

Cloud Networking Architect


Qualifications: Most entry-level jobs in networking require a bachelor’s in computer science or a related field. Depending on the job position and job role, networking experts may not always require you to learn programming languages. However, one of the most popular language networking specialists are known to use is Bash.


Some of the useful certifications for Networking experts include:


Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)

CompTIA Network+

VMWare Certified Technical Associate - Network Virtualization (VCTA-NV)

Juniper Networks Certified Associate - Junos (JNCIA-Junos)

SolarWinds Certified Professional

Aruba Certified Mobility Associate (ACMA)


Description: The typical job responsibility of networking experts includes designing, maintaining, monitoring, and repairing computer networks. They ensure that the network operates accurately by collecting performance data, monitoring security, anticipating problems, and troubleshooting any issues. 



QA/QC Jobs


Quality assurance (QA) and Quality control (QC), are features of quality management. QA focuses on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled. While QC is focused on fulfilling quality requirements. Job titles in QA/QC jobs are:


Quality Assurance Engineer

Quality Analyst

Quality Technicians

Quality Control Specialist

Quality Control Engineer

QA/QC Analyst


Qualifications: Depending upon the job position and responsibility education requirement varies. Most look for at least a bachelor’s degree. QA testers must have a strong understanding of the following programming languages.


Python

Java

Ruby

PHP

Javascript


QC talents must have a firm understanding of these QC strategies:


Stratification

Histogram

Cause-and-effect diagram

Pareto chart

Scatter diagram

Control chart


Description: QA duties include maintaining strong overall quality control of products made by the company adhering to reliability, performance, and customer expectation. Inspection of products is part of the responsibility with the obligation to report and document findings.


QC duties include running tests, keeping a record of defects, analyzing products, and overseeing procedures. The work can be a highly detail-oriented role, requiring familiarity with production processes combined with extensive knowledge of specifications and product testing.



Designing Jobs


Design careers in the info-tech world range in skill set, work experience, job opportunities, and more. Below are the most prevalent design job titles in tech.

 

Web Designer

UX Designer

UI Designer

Augmented Reality Designer

Mobile Designer

Video Game Designer


Qualifications: The minimum education requirement for designer jobs is a bachelor’s degree or equivalent degree in computer-related studies or design. Designing skills and maintaining a good portfolio is essential for this kind of job. Few skills required for these positions are as follow:


jQuery

JavaScript

HTML

Java

Unity

CSS


Tools and software that designers use are:


Figma

Sketch

Framer

Adobe Photoshop

Adobe XD

Adobe Illustrator


Description: As designers, the job role includes assisting in the planning and creative process, creating responsive designs and contributing to strategic decisions with the rest of the design, product, and development teams.



Artificial Intelligence (AI) Jobs


An increasingly growing form of technology Artificial Intelligence is much needed now than ever. The good news for those who specialize in AI is that this field is bursting with a variety of career opportunities, which means the professional can take on different roles and responsibilities depending upon the position, their experience, and interests. AI job positions are:


AI Data Analytics

Research Scientist

AI Engineer

AI Developer

Big Data Engineer/Architect

Business Intelligence Developer

 

Qualifications: To enter the professional world of AI, it’s important to have the right skills to land in the perfect position. Related undergraduate or master’s degree and proficiency with calculus and linear algebra along with knowledge of programming knowledge are extremely important. Some important programming languages are:


Python

C/C++

MATLAB

JavaScript

Scala

R


Description: AI jobs require experts to build AI models from scratch and help product managers and stakeholders understand results. Collect, analyze, and interpret datasets. Develop systems that allow businesses to communicate data and more.



Machine Learning (ML) Jobs


While Machine Learning has always been around, but due to the widespread of Artificial Intelligent, they have gained new popularity. As Machine Learning continues to grow in importance, in the future this field is estimated to intensify even more. Some of the job titles in MI are:


Machine learning engineer

Machine learning research scientist

Machine learning software engineer

Machine learning specialist


Qualifications: Someone with an interest in ML is expected to have a solid knowledge of data science. A Master’s or another advanced degree in statistics,  computer science, or related degree is required to work in this field.


LISP

Julia 

Java

JavaScript

Python 


Description: ML experts design and develop machine learning algorithms. Perform data analysis to uncover insights that can be immediately actionable or can inform decisions around the ML process.



Game development Jobs


Working in game development involves the creation and production of games for personal computers, games consoles, social/online games, arcade games, tablets, mobile phones, and other handheld devices. Job titles in game development fields include:


Game Programmer

Game Designer

QA Game Tester

Video Game System Designer


Qualifications: Although one can become a games developer with any degree subject, employers often look for a degree in computer science or software engineering.


Rust

Java

Python

UnrealScript

Lua 

C# 


Description: As a game developer, the professional will need to work closely with designers, artists, and other staff involved in the design process to create a quality product. Also, the expert will have to debug programs and solve complex technical problems that occur within the game's production.



Managerial Jobs


If the talent is experienced in programming, management, and planning the perfect steps to develop a system, they can work as managers in the IT industry. Here are some of the job positions.


Project Manager

Engineering Manager

Information Systems Manager

Information Technology Manager


Qualifications: To get a managerial job in the IT industry, one must have worked as a developer or similar role for over 6 years or more. Most managerial positions require a bachelor's degree at a minimum, and some expect a master's degree as well. To get at the managerial position one must possess a lot of experience, skills, and knowledge, as to lead a team the leader must have been in the worker’s place. Here are the top languages every IT leader must know. 


SQL

Google Go

Kotlin

Swift

JavaScript

Jira

Confluence

R

Ruby

Java


Some essential soft skills managers need to manage employees effectively and efficiently to get the best from them are:


Leadership

Good Communication

Team Building

Conflict Management

Team Management

Problem Solving

Budget Management

Adaptability

Motivation

Active Listening

Policy Knowledge

Reporting

Time Management

Risk Management

Interpersonal 

Organization


Description: Managerial jobs require talents to oversee large-scale IT initiatives and ensure systems are operating as planned. The exact duties of these roles will vary based on the size and structure of the company, but these professionals are often made responsible to manage, plan, and distribute the workloads to the team members. A budgeting plan is also the task of the manager. 



Cyber security Jobs


A remunerative, evolving field, cybersecurity aims on protecting organizations from digital attacks and keeping their information and networks safe. As more businesses move their operation online and with growing cyberattacks, the need for cybersecurity experts is expected to grow. The cybersecurity field presents various career opportunities. Potential jobs include:


IT Security Analyst 

Information Security Consultant

Information Security Administrative

IT Security Specialist

IT Security Engineer

Ethical Hacker


Qualifications: Most cybersecurity jobs require training and education. A bachelor's degree or a graduate degree is acceptable for anyone who wants to enter this field. Being able to write and understand code may be necessary for some mid-level and upper-level cybersecurity positions. The best programming languages for cybersecurity professionals are listed below:


Ruby

JavaScript

Assembly

SQL

PHP

Python

C

C++


Few certifications in cybersecurity are:


The CompTIA Cybersecurity Career Pathway

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)

GIAC


Description: Cybersecurity professionals detect vulnerabilities, recommend software and hardware programs that can mitigate risks, and develop policies and procedures for maintaining security. The talents are responsible for continuous monitoring of security systems and networks for inconsistency and tracking those activities in documents and reports.



Cloud computing Jobs


Cloud computing is one of the top technical fields in IT seeing the most demand. A career in cloud technology generally includes some programming on cloud software platforms like Azure, Amazon Web Services (AWS), or Google Cloud. Cloud computing job positions are:


Cloud Administrator

Cloud Engineer

Cloud Security Analyst

Cloud Consultant

Cloud Software Engineer

Cloud Architect


Qualifications: Being able to list a degree on your resume also shows employers that you have that foundation and can commit to long-term projects. So getting a computer science or IT degree will be helpful. 


Java

PHP

Ruby

.Net

Python

Golang


Description: These experts manage a company's cloud presence and infrastructure. They develop, enforce and update policies for how users access cloud services, establish security, protocols, and policies, monitor and ensure uptime, and assess the need for technology updates.



DevOps Jobs


DevOps is transforming software development and deployment in companies by decreasing the conflicts between development and operations teams – one of the main challenges that businesses faced for a long time. A list of DevOps job titles are:


Product Manager

DevOps Engineer

DevOps Instructor

DevOps Software Developer

Site Reliability Engineer

Software Engineer - DevOps


Qualifications: A degree in computer science or engineering will come in handy for DevOps jobs. With an increasing number of programming languages, picking what works in DevOps environments can be difficult. However, these options can add value to work and career.


C/C++

Java

SQL

PHP 

JavaScript

Python

Ruby

Perl


Description: DevOps works with developers and the IT staff to oversee the code releases. From creating and implementing systems software to analyzing data to improve existing ones, DevOps increases productivity in the workplace. DevOps is largely focused on bringing operations systems into development, and as such, most DevOps roles are development roles with expanded responsibilities and skillsets.



Big Data Jobs


Big Data is a group of data that is enormous in volume, yet increasing drastically with time. Big data and the way organizations manage and derive insight from it are changing the way the world uses business information. Depending on the specific position along with your skill and education level, big data jobs are very lucrative. The top 6 Big Data jobs are:


Data Scientist

Data Engineer

Database Manager

Data Architect

Security Engineer

Data Analyst


Qualifications: Almost all occupations in big data will at least require a bachelor’s degree in a related field. Most big data positions required a strong knowledge of programming languages which are:


SAS

Julia

Scala

R

Python

MATLAB

Python

SQL

C/C++

JavaScript


Description: Depending on the job positions big data experts have multiple responsibilities such as gathering and accumulating data from disparate sources, cleaning it, organizing it, processing it, and analyzing it to extract valuable insights and information. Apply statistical analysis methods for consumer data research and analysis purposes and keep track of the trends and correlational patterns among complex data sets.



Hiring manager’s view


“ A degree no longer guarantees that graduates will get a job. Instead of just focusing on education, graduates should acquire the necessary training related to their studies. During interviews, I usually ask candidates logical questions to which the judgment is done on how they deliver their answers. Hardworking, team worker, sharp and self-learning qualities are what I look for. At work, employees are expected to perform the given task well and keep on enhancing their skills. For IT enthusiasts who want to secure a place in the development sector learning Object-oriented programming will be helpful.

- Project Manager, AayuLogic



Employees view


“Technology keeps on evolving and we need to be updated on the changes and accordingly develop our skills. Learning only one programming language is not enough as the language you know may not be able to deal with a specific kind of problem. To cope up with the changes in technology, you need to be a quick learner. During my bachelor’s when I was on a quest to find an internship, it took me months to land on a company that gave me the opportunity. The reason was every company I visited required experience of 1-2 years. Hence, I believe gaining experience matters a lot too.”

- Software Engineer, HR Firm 


Related Contents: What do employers look for in IT professionals?


It is good to know your options. If you are familiar with what languages are used in the job category you work in and you know what kind of work you will be doing, then choosing the right job becomes much easier. 


The world of technology is rapidly growing and for those who want to secure a place in it, growing their skills in programming languages and tools can be a rewarding move. Just remember, starting somewhere is better than not starting at all. 


With new job openings being posted every day at merojob you can get the necessary experience and put your skills to use. To go through the job opportunities and apply for the positions click here





 

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